Study trip 2015

Summary of feasibility study trip 4th july-8th August 2015

Participants

Chalotte Vad, project leader and architect, Architects without Borders

Steen Holck, coordinator, EcoLeap Foundation

Lisbeth Knarreborg, Dairy engineer, Danish Dairy Technology without Borders

Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Dairy technologist, Danish Dairy Technology without Borders

Uffe Mortensen, Dairy technologist, Danish Dairy Technology without Borders

Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan, Anthropologist/interpreter

 

Aim

To conduct a feasibility study investigating if there is a need for supporting the development of the dairy sector in Mongolia and in particular if there is an interest and need of establishing a dairy facility in the small village Khatgal in the northern Khovsgol province of Mongolia.

Our goal was also to start the process of establishing a cooperative of local herders in the Khatgal area to be our local Mongolian associates and partners in the dairy project. The cooperative will be the ultimate owners of the dairy facility.

The project group is working on a thorough report as a result of the fieldwork, which will be posted on this page when completed.

 

4-5th July

Flight Copenhagen- Ulaanbaatar

 

5th July, Ulaanbaatar

Meetings and data collection

Tsetsgee Ser-Od, Adviser.

Owner of ”Suun Bilegdel” Co., Ltd., a dairy facility in Erdenetsogt sum, Bayankhongor province that produces dairy products from yak milk. Tsetsgee is also the owner of Khongor Yak Cheese shop in Ulaanbaatar. She imports and sells cultures and rennet from Chr. Hansen, Lactoscan and dairy equipment from India.

Key information: 300 l daily production. Suun Bilegdel dairy only receive the milk from the morning milking as the milk from the evening milking have to many bacteria, due to lack of cooling facilities at the herders homes. The herders deliver the milk themselves (on motorbikes). The production period is 12. June-20. August, due to the short milking period.

Tsetegee
From left: Uffe Mortensen, Lisbeth Knarreborg, Tsetsgee Ser-Od, Steen Holck and Chalotte Vad in front of Khongor Yak Cheese shop in Ulaanbaatar

 

6th July, Ulaanbaatar

Meeting and data collection

Mr. Byambasuren, Chairman of the Mongolian Milk association.

Mr. Mandakh, member of the Mongolian Milk Association.

Mr. Amgalanbaatar, member of the Mongolian Association.

The Mongolian Milk association was founded in 2013 with the purpose to protect the interests of the members and facilitate coordination with the Mongolian government. 700 members.

Key information: Mongolia only produces 25% of the dairy products sold in shops. 75% of the milk is imported, manly from Fontera, NZ. There are approx. 15 million cattle in Mongolia. Around Ulaanbaatar most farmers are settled, have stables and fodder for the cattle and produces milk all year.

Mongolian Milk Association
From left first row: Mr. Amgalanbaatar, Chalotte Vad, Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan and Steen Holck. From left second row:Mr. Mandakh, Mr. Byambasuren, Uffe Mortensen and Lisbeth Knarreborg

 

Meeting and data collection

Giimaa Kashbaat, Executive director and Chairman of Dairy Steering Group.

Mongolian Food Industry Association. 350 members. Homepage: www.mfia.mn

Key information: There are 135 dairy facilities in Mongolia. 40 are situated in Ulaanbaatar. 95 dairies in other provinces. 5 dairies in Khovsgol province. 1 medium scale, the Titanic Ltd. 4 small dairies.

75% of the Mongolian dairy production is consumed domestically and is not processed in dairy facilities.

Mongolian Food Industry Association
From left: Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Chalotte Vad, Steen Holck, Giimaa Kashbaat, Lisbeth Knarreborg and Uffe Mortensen

 

7th July, Ulaanbaatar

Meeting and data collection

Batzorig Batjagal, Vice Minister for Food and Agriculture of Mongolia. Homepage: www.mofa.gov.mn

Garnibal Nayantai, Director, General of Livestock Policy Implementation and Coordination Department, Ministry of Food and Agriculture.

Key information: The ministry is finishing a new 10-year plan. 2015-2025. Mongolia has 70 million cattle now, in 2003 there were 23 million cattle, which creates an overgrazing situation.

3,5% of the pastoralists are farmers, the rest are nomads. 37.500 farmers produce milk all year (3,5%). The nomads only produce milk during the summer period.

Vice Mnister for Food and Agriculture
From left: Mr. Byambasuren, Mr. Mandakh, Lisbeth Knarreborg, Batzorig Batjagal, Steen Holck, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen and Mr. Amgalanbaatar

 

Meeting and data collection

Tuul Tuvshinbayar, Program Manager, Global Communities. Homepage: www.global-communities.org

Enkhtuya Boldbaatar, Program Dairy Specialist, Global Communities.

Global Communities is financed by USAID and have a project window from 2010 to July 2016. The programme supports the provinces of Ulaanbaatar, Selenge, Tov og Darhan-Ull with advice and specialists in the field of: marketing-, dairy-, vegetables-, livestock and organisation of cooperatives.

Key information: Global Communities have helped 800 farmers establish themselves in cooperatives. The success of the cooperatives depends of finding good hardworking leaders. Essential is knowledge sharing, training and workshops of especially of the cooperative leaders, but also the cooperative members.

Global Communities
From left: Chalotte Vad, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Enkhtuya Boldbaatar, Steen Holck, Tuul Tuvshinbayar, Uffe Mortensen and Lisbeth Knarreborg

 

Site visit

A small scale dairy facility. Company: NT LLC, brand name: LIKE.

Production 500 l milk daily. Pasteurizing (batch), cooling down in buckets, separation and further cooling. Skimmed milk is added sugar and vanilla and frozen to yoghurt ice cream (packed in bags of 50 g). Of 50 L cream is produced 20 kg butter.

Small dairy 1
Yoghurt ice cream packeting machine
Small dairy 2
Separator

 

Site visit

Monsuu Co., Ltd.

Khadbaatar Chimeddorj, Director.

Songinokhairkan district, 4th khoro, Food producer’s street, Tolgoit KhD – 51.

Producing 20 ton milk daily. Established 1991.

Monsuu Co. Ltd dairy facility
From left: Mr. Mandakh, Lisbeth Knarreborg, Uffe Mortensen, Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan, Chalotte Vad, Khadbaatar Chimeddorj, Steen Holck, Mr. Byambasuren, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen and Mr. Amgalanbaatar

 

Visiting a small scale farm

Mr. Mandakh. No contact info.

Tie Stable, 58 cows, 250 L of milk daily.

Mr. Mandakh stables for 58 cows

Mr. Mandakh stables 2

 

Visiting a large scale farm

Mr. Amgalanbaatar. No contact info.

Yard, 250 cows, 300 L of milk daily.

Mr. Amgalanbaatar stables

Mr. Amgalanbaatar stables 3

 

8th July, Mörön, Khovsgol province

Domestic flight Ulaanbaatar-Mörön

Moron airport

 

Meeting and data collection

Ms. Suvdaa, Director of the Murun Branch of State Registration, Director of the Treasury Department

Inform meeting on the Mongolian legislation on cooperatives.

Key information: A cooperative must consist of minimum 9 members. The cooperative need By-laws and a general assembly and board, ID identification handled to the State Registration Office.

Ms. Suvdaa Director of Treasury at the Murun State Registry
From left: Steen Holck, Ms. Suvdaa and Lisbeth Knarreborg

 

Site visit

Titanic Ltd. Mörön, Khovsgol province

Ms. Lkhagvaa, Director.

Mr. Carlos Marbach, Dairy & Cheese consultant, Swisscontact. Homepage: www.swisscontact.org

Ms. Narantuya Baatar, Country Representative Mongolia, Swisscontact.

Dairy facility established in 2006 with the help of Amul (Indian dairy industry). Production 1500 l milk daily. Capacity of the facility is 4000 l daily. 27 herders supplying the milk.

Titanic 1
First row from left: Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan, dairy staff, Ms. Narantuya Baatar and Chalotte Vad, Second row from left: Ms. Lkhagvaa,, Mr. Carlos Marbach, dairy staff. Third row from left: Sten Holmgaard Sørensen and Uffe Mortensen

Titanic 2

 

9th July, Khatgal, Khovsgol province

Meeting and data collection

Ganbaatar Bat-Ochir, Governor of Khatgal.

Key information: There are 380 herders in the Khatgal area. Khatgal has 40.000 Mongolian and 4.000 foreign tourists yearly. There are 35 tourist camps and 43 guesthouses. 3300 cattle and 3000 yak and hybrid. Information on conditions for the cooperative to buy land for the dairy facility.

Govener Office of Khatgal
From left: Ganbaatar Bat-Ochir, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Steen Holck, Chalotte Vad, Uffe Mortensen, Lisbeth Knarreborg and Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan

 

Visiting local herders in Khatgal.

Registration of traditional Mongolian milk production and collection. Yogurt/Tarag, cream/Öröm/Tsotsgii, Butter/Tos, Mongolian cheese/Byaslag, Dried curd/Aruul/Arts/Eezgii, Yak vodka.

Visiting hereders 1
Heating the milk
Visiting hereders 2
Yak vodka distillation
Visiting hereders 3
Yak milking
Öröm, Meheertei Holison Tos, Yoghurt and local Byaslag cheese
Öröm, Meheertei Holison Tos, Yoghurt and local Byaslag cheese

10th July, Khatgal, Khovsgol province

Information meeting for the local community about the dairy project.

Presentation of the dairy project and background of the participants. Conduction surveys and signing up new members for the cooperative. 23 members signed up.

Meeting 10. July 1

Meeting 10. July 2

Meeting 10. July 3

 

11-13th July, Khatgal, Khovsgol province

Information pavilion at the Naadam festival marked place.

Informing the local herders about the dairy project, conduction surveys and signing up new members for the cooperative.

Naadam 1

Naadam 2

 

14th July, Khatgal, Khovsgol province

Meeting about the dairy project.

Establishing a steering group consisting of 6 members, covering 6 different areas around Khatgal. Finding a communicator speaking both Mongolian and English for the communication line between the cooperative and the Danish project group. Conduction surveys and signing up new members for the cooperative. A total of 43 members signed up for the cooperative.

Meeting 14. July

Meeting 14. July 2

Project and steering group

Steering areas

 

15-16th July, Khatgal, Khovsgol province

Visiting local herders in Khatgal.

Registration of traditional Mongolian milk production and collection. Yogurt/Tarag, cream/Öröm/Tsotsgii, Butter/Tos, Mongolian cheese/Byaslag, Dried curd/Aruul/Arts/Eezgii, Yak vodka.

Arts
Arts
Making arts
Aruul
Aruul
Yogurt/Tarag
Yogurt/Tarag
Dairy samples
Dairy samples
Making Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Making Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Making Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Making Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Making Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Mongolian cheese/Byaslag
Eezgii
Eezgii
Drying Aruul
Drying Aruul

17th July

Domestic flight Mörön-Ulaanbaatar

Lisbeth Knarreborg, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Uffe Mortensen.

 

18th July

Flight Ulaanbaatar-Copenhagen

Lisbeth Knarreborg, Sten Holmgaard Sørensen, Uffe Mortensen.

 

Tourist Camp Marketing survey

Steen Holck and Chalotte Vad

Camps visited: Dalain Chimeg Camp, Grand Tour Camp, Bayan-Ulaan Tourist Camp, Naranzangilaa Camp, Blue Pearl, Olympic Camp, Natures Door, Mongol Ujin Camp, Toilogt Ger Camp.

Key information: Most camps have 60-100 beds. Blue Pearl 200 beds. Current dairy products: Raw milk, Yogurt/Tarag, cream/Öröm/Tsotsgii, Butter/Tos.

The camps get their dairy products from local herders living near the camps. All the camps said concurring that they have problems with a consistent delivery of dairy products from the local herders. Often they don´t have enough dairy products as the herders don´t show up or don´t deliver enough products. The quality is not consistent. They all want a steady supply of pasteurized dairy products locally produced. They want returnable packing (eco friendly) for the kitchen and small packing to sell to the tourist. They demand souvenir packing of traditional Mongolian products.

They would like to see: Fresh pasteurized milk, Yogurt/Tarag, cream/Öröm/Tsotsgii, Butter/Tos, Mongolian cheese/Byaslag, European cheese, European butter, Different fats (high /Low), Dried curd/Aruul/Arts/Eezgii.

 

6th August

First steering group meeting in Khatgal.

Attending was the 6 steering group members.

Baasan area 1, B. Otgon area 2, Erdenechimeg area 3, L. Baigali area 4, Dalain Myagmar area 5, Gankhuyag area 6 and adviser Yanjma Batochir from Khatgal office of agriculture, Tsenddavaa Nasanjargal communicator and coordinator, Chalotte Vad og mr. G. Tsoggerel.
Tsoggerel is the cooperative leader of “Zamtiin Negdel” Khorshoo (cooperative) and was attending as an adviser from Global Communities. The new cooperative was named:“Sarlagiin Khishig” Khorshoo witch means: Blessing of Yak.
A total of 66 members signed up for the cooperative.

Steering group 1

Steering group 2

Map of steering areas and how the nomadic cooperative members moves from winter to summer camps, marked by red arrows

 

7th August
Domestic flight Mörön-Ulaanbaatar
Steen Holck and Chalotte Vad

 

Meeting
Tuul Tuvshinbayar, Program Manager, Global Communities and Chalotte Vad.
Discussing the progress of the dairy project and new cooperative “Sarlagiin Khishig” Khorshoo and next steps.

 

8th August
Flight Ulaanbaatar-Copenhagen
Steen Holck and Chalotte Vad