Khövsgöl (Mongolian: Хөвсгөл) is the northernmost of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia.
The aimag was founded in 1931. It is 100.628 km2 and have a population of 120.000. Mörön is the administrative center with 36.000 residents.
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Khövsgöl’s highest elevations are in the north and northwest, in mountain ranges that are part of the Eastern Sayan. Khövsgöl’s highest summit is Mönh Saridag just north of Khövsgöl nuur, on the border to Russia, with an altitude of 3491m. The southern parts of Khövsgöl are in the Khangai range, with rolling hills and gentle slopes. However, even there the altitude can be close to 3000 m. The northeast and center are lower, but still hilly. Khövsgöl’s median altitude is higher than 1500 meters.
The name is derived from lake Khövsgöl.
The lake is 136 km long, 37 km wide and 262 metres deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia’s fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world.
Within Mongolia, the region is well known for its natural beauty, and Lake Khövsgöl is one of Mongolia´s major tourist attractions.
Khatgal (Mongolian: Хатгал) is a village in Mongolia on the southern tip of Lake Khövsgöl.
Khatgal has an airstrip and a small port, plus a school and a post/telecom office. There is a wooden bridge nearby over the Eg River.
Khatgal was founded in 1727 as a camp of the Mongolian watch post system. By 1910, a small settlement had formed, mainly through trade with Russia.
The town had about 7000 inhabitants and a power plant in 1990, but the dry-up of transport routes and the closure of a local wool factory have led to high migration rates, leaving only 3,756 inhabitants in 1994. The latest official population estimate is 2,796 (December 31, 2006).
In 2007, Khatgal was connected to the Mongolian central power grid and to cell phone services.